Perth’s Rich Historical Background
Here at Aries Car Rental Perth, we are proud of the local history and heritage. Not only we have a magnificent weather throughout the year, we are also have a rich history that can be traced back to the 1600s. One cannot talk about the history of Perth without mentioning Willem de Villamingh. He was a Dutch captain, the first European to explore the western part of Australia. The captain arrived here in 1696 after landing on Rottnest Island. He later traveled up the Swan River, naming it after the black swans that swam in it. After the visit, Perth was not open to human settlement until 1827 when James Stirling paid a visit to the area. The area was being used for trade purposes before then.
The city began to blossom in 1829. This is mainly attributed to the British forming free settlement schemes in the area. When James Stirling returned to England he lobbied for the same. The British then established the settlements that were independent of the by then New South Wales colony. The British feared that the French would set up settlements in the area before them, this explains why they had to accept James Stirling’s request. He together with Captain Charles Fremantle founded the swan’s river colony.
Stirling was the first governor of Western Australia. There were two main towns in the colony; the port of Fremantle that was located at the swan’s river mouth and Perth as the administrative capital. Perth was named after Scotland‘s town of Perth.
Prior to the arrival of the British, the Aboriginal people inhabited the land where Perth stands. When the British colonized the land, the aboriginals were expelled from their land leading to a huge conflict between the two. The indigenous Australians found it cumbersome practicing agriculture in their new territory which was different from the Guilford area. The Swans and Canning rivers used to supply the required water for their farming.
Due to the hardships that the colony was facing at the time, 10000 convicts were transported to Western Australia between 1850 and 1868. The convicts provided cheap labor for the British who badly needed to revamp their economy by building better structures. The town hall, courthouse, government house et al were built around this time. This did not substantively work for the British, however, the 1896 gold rush did.
In 1890, Sir John Forrest was appointed the first premier of the colony after it was allowed to govern itself. He was pivotal in the colony joining the rest of Australia to become one state. However, the people of Western Australia became discontented with the federal government’s favoring of eastern parts. Secession attempts followed when the conflicts grew. A referendum conducted in 1933 realized 68% of the voters who took part in it were for secession. The lower house (House of Commons) ruled the results out as it could not grant Western Australia the rights to secede. This was mainly attributed to the by then recovering economy. Subsequent pushes were neither successful too.
The 20th century saw Perth develop further as the Western Australia capital. The Perth Airport was constructed in 1940. A newer international terminus was opened in 1986. The Second World War unveiled new cultures to Perth. The mining craze that happened in WA between the 1960s and 1970s was pivotal for the further development of the town.
Ever since Perth has evolved rapidly to the magnificent city that it is in these days.